Diabetes | Drug Treatment Guide

Diabetes Oral Drug Treatment Guide

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Glucotrol

Glucotrol is a medication in the sulfonylurea class of drugs that can help maintain blood sugar levels in those with Type 2 diabetes. Glucotrol (glipizide) works by triggering insulin production in the pancreas. Insulin is used by cells in the body to remove sugar from the blood to use as energy and lower blood glucose levels.

Before beginning treatment with Glucotrol, tell your doctor about any allergies or other medical conditions you may have. You should also tell your doctor about other medications or supplements you are taking, and if you are pregnant or planning on becoming pregnant.

Glucotrol comes in two forms: a rapid acting pill and a long acting version. Use Glucotrol as prescribed by your doctor, and do not chew or crush the pill. Take the rapid acting pill 30 minutes before meals. If you are using the long acting version, take the pill with breakfast.

If you miss a dose take it immediately, unless it is close enough to the next dose, in which case you should wait. Do not take two doses at the same time. During your treatment with Glucotrol, continue to check your blood sugar regularly, as your doctor recommends.

It may be more difficult to maintain blood sugar levels if you are sick, or have a fever or infection. You may be more sensitive to alcohol or sunlight while taking Glucotrol, so be sure to use caution when drinking and protect your skin from the sun.

Potential side effects of Glucotrol include an allergic reaction, liver damage, stomach pain, diarrhea or vomiting. Other side effects may include dizziness, feeling faint, vision changes, a change in heart rate or low blood sugar. Tell your doctor if you experience any of these side effects. Your doctor may change your treatment plan if side effects do not resolve.

Keep an open dialogue with your doctor to see if Glucotrol is right for you.  

Punkaj Khanna, Pharm. D.

This video features Punkaj Khanna, Pharm. D.. Punkaj Khanna earned his Pharm.D. from Massachusetts College of Pharmacy. He works at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, and has special interests in patient education and compliance.

Duration: 02:57 Last Updated On: 2015-12-17 Reviewed by: Dr. Preeti Parikh Review date: November 14, 2015