Learn more about the different surgical options for aortic valve replacement, as well as other treatment options for Aortic Stenosis
While there is no cure for Aortic Stenosis, there are options available to treat the condition. Treatment plans and options depend on the symptoms and the severity of the Aortic Stenosis. You may not need treatment if the symptoms are mild or not present, and instead would monitor your heart closely with your doctor.
Medications do not treat Aortic Stenosis directly, but are used to manage the symptoms of the condition. These medications will do things like help reduce fluid accumulation due to heart failure, slow your heart rate or control heart rate disturbances.
However, many patients will eventually require a surgical procedure and potentially aortic valve replacement. One surgical option is Balloon Valvuloplasty. This is where the doctor inserts a thin tube into an artery and guides it into the aortic valve. The tube then blows up like a balloon and stretches the valve open, causing blood flow to improve.
Another option is Aortic Valve Replacement. This is when a surgeon will remove the narrowed aortic valve, and replace it with a mechanical valve, or a valve made of natural tissues. This procedure is typically completed during an open heart surgery.
A third option is Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (or TAVR). TAVR is a less invasive surgical option to treat Aortic Stenosis. Instead of open heart surgery the new valve is attached to a catheder and inserted into an artery in the leg. The catheder is then pushed through the artery to the heart, where the new heart valve is placed in the heart.
Surgery is an effective way to treat Aortic Stenosis, but like all procedures your doctor will need to monitor your recovery closely. Overall recovery time will also depend on the specific procedure conducted.
Dr. Parikh, a board-certified pediatrician affiliated with The Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, is HealthiNation's chief medical editor.
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While there's no cure for
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aortic stenosis there are options
available to treat the condition.
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Hi, I'm Dr. Preeti Parikh,
Chief Medical Editor at HealthiNation.
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Treatment plans are dependent
on your symptoms and
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severity of the aortic stenosis.
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If you are not experiencing any symptoms
and the aortic stenosis is mild,
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then you may not need treatment but just
continued close monitoring of symptoms and
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severity of the aortic stenosis.
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Medications cannot treat aortic stenosis,
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instead are often used to manage
the symptoms of aortic stenosis.
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These for instance can help to reduce
fluid accumulation due to heart failure,
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slow your heart rate or
to control heart rhythm disturbances.
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However patients will eventually
require surgery to repair or
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replace the aortic valve.
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There are three main procedures including
balloon valvuloplasty, this is when
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your doctor inserts a thin tube into an
artery and guides into the aortic valve.
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The tip of the catheter is
inflated like a balloon and
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stretches the valve open
causing blood flow to improve.
01:13.720 --> 01:16.900
Another common procedure is
aortic valve replacement.
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Where a surgeon removes
the narrowed aortic valve and
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replaces it with a mechanical valve or
a valve made from natural tissues.
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This procedure is generally
performed during open heart surgery.
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Transcatheter aortic value replacement is
a less invasive procedure to treat aortic
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stenosis, instead of open heart surgery,
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the new valve is attached to a catheter
inserted through an artery in the leg.
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That catheter is then pushed through the
artery to the heart where the new valve is
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placed in the heart.
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Surgery is an effective way of
treating aortic valve stenosis, but
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like all procedures, your doctor will
need to monitor you closely to check for
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any changes in your condition.
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Your recovery time will also depend
on the procedure you have and
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your doctor's rehabilitation
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Thanks for watching.
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