Asthma and Nasal Polyps: What’s Behind the Link?

Asthma can worsen nasal polyps, and vice versa.

Loading the player...

One of the common causes of nasal polyps is asthma. People who have one type of respiratory disease have an increased risk of other types. That’s why asthma and nasal polyps so often appear together.

Asthma and Inflammation

When someone has asthma, they have inflammation in the airways. Inflammation means there is pain, redness, swelling, and fluid buildup in the area. This swelling and fluid buildup can narrow and irritate the airways, which makes breathing difficult.

Good asthma control can help reduce that inflammation, and this makes breathing easier. Plus, it helps reduce complications caused by inflammation, such as nasal polyps.

Asthma and Nasal Polyps

Nasal polyps often happen when there is inflammation and irritation in the nose or sinuses. When respiratory problems are not under good control, you are more likely to have this inflammation. This makes nasal polyps more likely to develop. Both of these conditions can block your breathing and affect your quality of life.

Inflammation causes nasal polyps, but nasal polyps also create more inflammation. This means that asthma and polyps may worsen each other, so treatment to interrupt this link is important.

Treating Asthma to Reduce Complications

If you have polyps in the nose and also struggle with asthma, part of your treatment plan will include getting the latter under control. Improving your asthma treatment has many benefits. Good asthma control reduces your symptoms, lowers your risk of complications (including polyps), and can help you live a relatively normal life. It can even help you save money by helping to prevent hospitalizations and emergency room visits.

There are a number of treatment options for asthma that can help you reduce symptoms and control inflammation. This may involve things such as:

Working together with your doctor can help get your asthma under control. This may reduce the effect of nasal polyps on your life, and lower your risk of other asthma complications.