How is Multiple Sclerosis diagnosed? There is not a single symptom or test that gives a definitive answer on whether or not you have Multiple Sclerosis. However, your doctor will take you through a battery of tests including a thorough discussion of your medical history, a neurological exam, an MRI, blood tests and a spinal fluid analysis. Your doctor will also evaluate your coordination and movement as well as your balance and vision.
For diagnosing multiple sclerosis, your doctor must find two separate areas of damage in the central nervous system. It must be determined that this damage occurred during separate attacks at least one month apart.
There are different forms of MS, each of which can be mild, moderate or severe. For some people, symptoms may come and go, and when the symptoms flare up, it's called an attack or an exacerbation.
Multiple Sclerosis Review
Reviewed September-October 2014, Mera Goodman
Video 1: What is MS?
Video 2: Causes and Risk Factors for MS
Video 3: Diagnosing MS
Video 4: Treating MS
relapses or exacerbations). An attack is defined as the worsening
of an MS symptom or symptoms, and/or the appearance of
new symptoms, which lasts at least 24 hours and is separated
from a previous exacerbation by at least one month.
n Reduce the accumulation of lesions (damaged or active disease
areas) within the brain and spinal cord as seen on MRI (magnetic
resonance imaging). n Appear to slow down the accumulation of disability.
Note: These are all the sources used for every video in this series, not every source listed was used in this specific video.